Frequently Asked Questions
How long have you been practicing yoga?
My first exposure to yoga was in fifth grade gym class. One of my teachers, a powerfully built woman who resembled an East German gymnast, taught us basic calisthenics and worked in some yoga poses in her sequence, including Shoulderstand, which I do today before every practice. It took me more than thirty years to come full circle and embrace what I learned so long ago. Once I started, I didn't want to stop. I completed over 270 Bikram classes in one year and, after 300 classes, attended teacher training to become a certified teacher in Bikram-style Yoga, Yin Yoga, and Meditation. Having completed over 700 yoga classes and counting, I've also taken many yoga classes in other styles that aren't mentioned in this blog. I also practice Aikido - over 300 classes - to supplement my yoga practice. Prior to my yoga immersion, I trained in running, weightlifting, and Kung-Fu.
Why do you practice yoga almost every day?
Yoga makes me look and feel good. The proof is in the pudding. My shoulders look and feel like armor plates. I have muscles up and down my arms and legs that I attribute to yoga. My health vitals are excellent. For someone who over 50, I look pretty damn good and you can, too, with yoga.
What is the best way to learn yoga?
Most of us don't have the means to afford private instruction, so the next best thing is to take a yoga class. The problems with classes are some can be pretty large and some teachers are more skilled or experienced than others, so your ability to learn and understand the yoga's details will vary from class to class. I recommend attending as many small classes (under ten students) as possible so your teachers really get to know you and follow your progress. You will never learn yoga effectively if you are a fly on the wall in a large class. Always thank your teachers after every class to show that you appreciate them.
Which yoga teachers are your greatest influences?
What follows is an ever-changing "guru bubbles" chart showing the teachers who have been my greatest influences. Some of these people have spent extra time with me in or outside of class helping me forge a better version of me. Some are great motivators while others have taught me to be more calm. I've made Bikram the biggest bubble of all because he was the one who started it all.
Guru bubbles is my little pet project that I think will have a major impact in the yoga community and beyond. Who were your most influential teachers and how can you present them in such a way that shows how much of an influence they had on you? I encourage everyone to create their own guru bubbles chart. Together we can show the world who helped shape us into the person we are today.
Can you lose weight with yoga?
Yes, definitely. I perform all 26 postures to my best ability each day and sweat so much that I lose about three pounds after every class. Of course, I gain some of it back during the day when I eat and drink, but the goal is to control my eating habits and maintain my weight so it goes down a little each day. If you lose one- to two-tenths of a pound every day, you'll look great before you know it. Over the long term, I've discovered that if you want to lose weight, let's say ten pounds, you need to condition yourself to eat like someone who weighs ten pounds less than you. If you stray from that habit and eat as much as you currently do or more, you will not lose any weight and will likely gain more. If you don't want to change your eating habits, you have to add an intensive daily workout regimen like Bikram Yoga.
Do you practice Ayurveda and are you a vegan?
I love Ayurvedic philosophy and some of the vegan meals I've tried are among the best I've ever eaten. However, that being said, I don't hold myself to a strict diet. I was raised to be adaptable to change, so if I had to eat vegan for a week or even a month, I could do so. If I had to eat the same exact meal for a month three times each day as I've been known to in the past, I could do so. Bikram drinks Coke. I drink Pepsi. He tells us that we could eat whatever we want when we practice Bikram Yoga and I'm all for that. One of my favorite dishes in the world is not animal or vegan, but vegetarian: navratan korma (nine jewels vegetable curry). I ate lots of it in India. I also love pav bhaji and vada pav sandwiches, all vegetable-based. It doesn't get much better than that! My philosophy is eat what you want, but be mindful of what you eat.
What is Core 40?
Core 40 is Tony Sanchez's Master Core sequence, a comprehensive 55-posture sequence that works every part of your body from head to toe. The entire Bikram 26+2 sequence is a subset of Core 40 and is practiced at more moderate temperatures, from room temperature to 95 degrees. You will feel truly energized and invigorated with this sequence. Many Core 40 teachers present a subset of the 55 postures and may add additional postures from Tony Sanchez's advanced Core 45 sequence or from their experience with other disciplines, such as Qigong, Tai Chi, and Aikido. Any yogi who wishes to advance his or her practice should subscribe to Tony's Core 40 Home Study course.
How do you survive a Bikram class without drinking water during class?
Many people have seen me sip water sparingly or not at all when I'm taking a class. I learned a while ago that drinking water during class is actually not good for you. A belly full of water will prevent you from achieving your best postures in many cases. My water ritual is to sip five gulps of water about 30 minutes before class starts, splash water on my face three times, and then open my Thermoflask and touch the ice cold water on my forehead after Eagle and before the first Savasana. If it gets brutally hot in the room, I may touch the water to my forehead again before Triangle and Fixed Firm. I will not drink any water until I finish Final Savasana and am about to get up to leave the room.
What do you say to people who think that Bikram Yoga isn't real yoga?
I wouldn't rely on the knowledge and experience of anyone who hasn't taken over 500 classes of anything.
How do you feel about someone who has completed a 30-Day or even a 365-Day Challenge?
I feel such achievements are a blessing that someone is enthusiastic and serious enough about a single interest to take it that far.
Are you super-flexible?
No, and I feel that that should not be the end goal of your yoga practice. I'm strong first, flexible second. Pound for pound, I'm probably one of the strongest yoginis out there and that enables me to do the interesting flourishes I do in Eagle pose.
Who is the Wii Fit Trainer, the yoga girl, based on?
Several people have mentioned that Nintendo must've based the Wii Fit Trainer on someone who looks like me.
What is your new book, 123 4Yoga: Yoga Building Blocks, about?
My book allows readers to experience a progressive yoga routine based on their skill level. Students will learn elements of Bikram Method Yoga, Tony Sanchez's Core 40, and Aikido and how these movement arts can be joined together to create a synthesized whole. You can order the book here at Barnes & Noble.
What are your goals with yoga?
Goal #1: Be a great teacher.
Goal #2: Complete my 300-hour teacher certification with Pranakriya Yoga.
Goal #3: Forge a multi-disciplinary approach to both yoga and Aikido.
Goal #4: Train with Esak Garcia in the Jedi Fight Club.
Yoganand Michael Carroll with students from Meditation: Theory & Teaching, January 2016
With my fellow teachers at Bikram Yoga Philadelphia (now Hot Yoga Philadelphia), July 2016
Eight Angle (Side Crane), May 2017
Eight Angle (Side Crane), September 2017
Eight Angle (Side Crane), January 2019
One-Legged Peacock, May 2017
Half-Tortoise with Tony Sanchez on my back! March 2017
William Hufschmidt with students from Holding Space: The Energy and Anatomy of Touch, December 2017
William Hufschmidt with students from Anatomy for Yoga Teachers, January 2019
I have a long history of teaching people from the high school to graduate school levels. My overall life experiences as an educator, administrator, student, and parent have shaped me into the yoga teacher I am.
Yoga Teacher Training
- 250-Hour Hot Yoga Teacher Training with Mark Drost, Zefea Samson, Maria Filippone, Susan Wyler, Torrey Trover, evolation yoga, March to April 2015
- 30-Hour Yin Yoga Teacher Training with Corina Benner, Wake Up Yoga, May 2015
- 200-Hour Beyond 26+2 Teacher Training with Tony Sanchez, March to April 2017
- 300-Hour Pranakriya School of Yoga Healing Arts Teacher Training (250 hours completed)
- Meditation: Theory and Teaching with Yoganand Michael Carroll, January 2016
- The Universe Inside the Body of the Yogi: A Journey into the Chakras, Granthis, and Nadis with Yoganand Michael Carroll, March 2016
- Deepening the Asana Experience - Asanas for Meditative Posture 1 with Krissy Dopson, September 2016
- Skills for Hands-on Assisting and Manipulations with WIlliam Hufschmidt, November 2016
- Holding Space: Developing Skills for Presence and Touch with William Hufschmidt, December 2017
- Pranayama: Theory & Teaching with Yoganand Michael Carroll, March 2018
- Teaching Restorative Yoga with Shelbi Miles, May 2018
- Deepening the Asana Experience - Asanas for Yoga Workout with Krissy Dopson, November 2018
- Anatomy for Yoga Teachers, January 2019
- CPR/AED certified, Emergency Care and Safety Institute, April 2016 to April 2018
Seminars and Workshops
- Vital Signs: Understanding What the Body Is Telling Us with Connie Scanga, University of Pennsylvania, June 2014
- Mt. Hood Bikram Yoga Retreat with Joel Pier, August 2014
- Introduction to Mindfulness, University of Pennsylvania, February 2015
- Gentle Yoga with Laura Edoff, University of Pennsylvania,
- Foundation Training with Chris Fluck, Bikram Yoga Philadelphia, February 2015
- Master Class with Jena Blackwood, June 2015
- Shake Stress Naturally with TRE (Tension and Trauma Release Exercise) with Juliette Gamble, June 2017
- Ida Ripley's Intermediate Series (I.R.I.S) with Ida Ripley, November 2017
- Magic of Flight: AcroYoga with Eric Mamuzich, April 2018
- Yoga Therapy for Pain Relief by Theresa Convoy, April 2018
- Ghosh Yoga Workshop with Ida Jo and Scott Lamps, May 2018
- Diploma, Mark Twain Intermediate School for the Gifted & Talented, 1982
- Diploma, Brooklyn Technical High School, 1985
- B.A. with Distinction, Magna Cum Laude, and Phi Beta Kappa honors, Boston University, 1989
- M.A., Boston University, 1989
- M.S.E., University of Pennsylvania, 1991
- M.S. Ed., University of Pennsylvania, 2020 expected
- Barnett, M. Hot Yoga: Energizing, Rejuvenating, Healing. New York: Barron's Educational Series, 2003.
- Baptiste, B. Journey Into Power. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2002.
- Baptiste, B. Perfectly Imperfect: The Art and Soul of Yoga Practice. Carlsbad, CA: Hay House, 2016.
- Bose, B. 84 Yoga Asanas. Calcutta, India, 1938.
- Broad, W.J. The Science of Yoga: The Risk and the Rewards. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2012.
- Buhnemann, G. Eighty Four Asanas in Yoga: A Survey of Traditions. D. K. Printworld, 2011.
- Calais-Germain, B. Anatomy of Movement. Seattle: Eastland Press, 2014.
- Chia, M. Healing Love Through the Tao: Cultivating Female Sexual Energy. Rochester, VT: Destiny Books, 2005.
- Choudhury, B. Bikram Yoga. New York: HarperCollins, 2007.
- Choudhury, B. Bikram's Beginning Yoga Class. New York: Penguin, 1978. This is the preferred version.
- Choudhury, B. Bikram's Beginning Yoga Class. New York: Penguin, 2000.
- Coulter, D. Anatomy of Hatha Yoga: A Manual for Students, Teachers, and Practitioners. Marlboro: Body and Breath, 2010.
- Dale, C. The Subtle Body: An Encyclopedia of Your Energetic Anatomy. Boulder, Colorado: Sounds True, 2009.
- Feuerstein, G. Shambhala Encyclopedia of Yoga. Boston: Shambhala Publications, 1997.
- Grilley, P. Yin Yoga: Principles & Practice. Ashland, Oregon: White Cloud Press, 2012.
- Hawley, J. Essential Wisdom of the Bhagavad Gita. Novato, California: New World Library, 2006.
- Hawley, J. The Bhagavad Gita: A Walkthrough for Westerners. Novato, California: New World Library, 2001.
- Hesse, H. Siddhartha. New Delhi: Rupa Publications, 2010.
- Iyengar, B.K.S. Light on Pranayama. London: Unwin Paperbacks, 1981.
- Iyengar, B.K.S. The Illustrated Light on Yoga. New Delhi: HarperCollins, 1997.
- Jarmey, C. The Concise Book of Muscles, Second Edition. Berkeley: Lotus Publishing, 2008.
- Kaminoff, L. & Matthews, A. Yoga Anatomy - 2nd Edition. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 2012.
- Kornfield, J. Meditation for Beginners. Korea: Sounds True, 2004.
- Laframboise, A.G. & Carroll, Y.M. Pranayama: A Path to Healing and Freedom. CreateSpace, 2015.
- Lamps, S. & Jo, I. The Ghosh Practice Manual - Beginning, 2015.
- Lamps, S. & Jo, I. The Ghosh Practice Manual - Intermediate, 2015.
- Lark, L. 1001 Pearls of Yoga Wisdom. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 2008.
- Long, R. Anatomy for Arm Balances and Inversions. China: Bandha Yoga, 2010.
- Long, R. Anatomy for Hip Openers and Forward Bends. China: Bandha Yoga, 2010.
- Long, R. Anatomy for Vinyasa Flow and Standing Poses. China: Bandha Yoga, 2010.
- Long, R. The Key Muscles of Yoga. China: Bandha Yoga, 2006.
- Long, R. The Key Poses of Hatha Yoga. China: Bandha Yoga, 2008.
- Long, R. The Key Poses of Yoga. China: Bandha Yoga, 2008.
- Lorr, B. Hell-Bent: Obsession, Pain, and the Search for Something Like Transcendence in Competitive Yoga. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2012.
- Sanchez, T. 84 Asanas - Level I: Practice Manual. Baja California Sur: Yogic Physical Culture Academy, 2012.
- Sargeant, W. The Bhagavad Gita. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2009.
- Singleton, M. Yoga Body: The Origins of Modern Posture Practice. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.
- Sparrowe, L. Yoga. Berkeley: Yoga Journal Books, 2008.
- Sri Swami Satchidananda. The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Yogaville: Integral Yoga Publications, 1990.
- Stephens, M. Teaching Yoga: Essential Foundations and Techniques. Berkeley: North Atlantic Books, 2010.
- Stephens, M. The Mark Stephens Yoga Sequencing Deck. Berkeley: North Atlantic Books, 2016.
- Stiles, M. Structural Yoga Therapy. Boston: Weiser Books, 2000.
- White, D. G. The Alchemical Body: Siddha Traditions in Medieval India. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1996.
- Yogananda, P. Autobiography of a Yogi. Los Angeles, California: Self-Realization Fellowship, 2007.
- Bikram Yoga
- Dahl, L. Ten Secret Tips for Bikram Yogis
- Evolation Yoga
- Five Thing to Know Before You Start Yoga Teacher Training
- Loyola Marymount University. Master of Arts in Yoga Studies
- Maryland University of Integrative Health, Master's Degree in Yoga Therapy
- Molina, H. Bikram Yoga Teacher Training
- Oh My Bikram Posture Clinics
- Olmstead, J. Lock the Knee!
- The Amazing Yoga Adventures of Adam C. Fresh
- Tom Sutherland on the Difference Between Bikram Teacher Training and Tony Sanchez Teacher Training
- Tom's Bikram Teacher Training
- Tony Sanchez Yoga
- What is Hot Yoga?